4. Research and development costs

The breakdown of Research and development costs is as follows:

(€ million) 2012 2011 (*)
Research and development costs not recognised as assets 1,157 737
Amortisation of capitalised development costs 621 626
Write-down of costs previously capitalised 57 4
Total Research and development costs 1,835 1,367
(*) Amounts reported for 2011 include the consolidation of Chrysler from 1 June 2011.

During 2012 the Group capitalised development costs of €2,138 million (€1,438 million in 2011).

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